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A Brief History of Soap

The Sumerians are known to have boiled ashes and vegetable or animal fat to make a thick cleansing mixture. Similar recipes for soap made from alkaline salts and vegetable oils were found in Egyptian papyri around 1500. BC.

Sumerians make soap by hand in Mesopotamia.
Sumerian handmade soap making

An old Roman legend says that the women who lived on Mount Sapo discovered soap when the rain, pouring down, mixed clay from the earth, animal fat and rot. The Roman historian Pliny rejects this thesis and attributes soap as an invention to the Gallic and Germanic tribes.

When the barbarians conquered Rome, the use of soap declined significantly. At the same time, the Catholic Church compared bathing with hedonism, which was associated with paganism, so these circumstances led to the spread of the plague.

Crusaders brought the recipe for Aleppo soap from the Middle East to Europe. The production of this hygiene item flourished in Spain in the 11th and 12th centuries, where Spanish Muslims made Castilian soap, while according to the French recipe for Marseille soap, they mixed sea water, olive oil and ashes.

Aleppo soap, which the Crusaders brought from the Near East to Europe.
Aleppo soap

In the middle of the 19th century, soap production was at its peak and had to do with the development of marketing. One of the largest producers of soap "Proctor and Gamble", came up with the idea of packing soap in attractive packaging, which especially contributed to increasing its use.

"Proctor and Gamble" soap packaging.
"Proctor and Gamble" packaging

Today, soap is produced through three stages. The first is the process of saponification, where a mixture of water and glycerin is obtained, then   these < The mass is dried in order to reduce the percentage of water and at the end essences and color and other additives are added.

However, today, apart from solid soap, there is also liquid soap, as well as hand sanitizers. Experts recommend using the solid soap, because it removes the largest number of bacteria.

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